Vyetha’s Blog

pronoun and gerund

Posted on: Juni 6, 2012

Pronoun

Pronoun ialah Kata yang digunakan untuk mengganti kata benda atau frase benda. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, bisa diterjemahkan menjadi ‘kata ganti’. Misalnya, dalam kalimat The man wanted to help the horse but he did not know how to, kata he mengganti frase the man. Pronoun adalah kata-kata seperti: I, she, him, her, themselves, this, each, some, …

Fungsi pronoun:

   untuk menyebut sesuatu/ sesorang sebagai ganti kata benda yang sudah disebut dalam kalimat sebelumnya atau si pembicara dan pendengar sudah sama-sama mengetahui benda mana yang dimaksud. Bila tidak ada pronoun kita harus mengulang kata/ frase benda berkali-kali.

Do you know the man over there? It seems the man is looking for something. Let’s come near to the man. Perhaps we can help the man.

Dengan pronoun kita bisa mengatakan: Do you know the man over there? It seems he is looking for something. Let’s come near to him. Perhaps we can help him.

Macam-macam Pronoun:

  1. Personal Pronoun as Subject→ I, you, he, she, it,we , you, they
  2. Personal Pronoun as Object →me, you him, her, it, us, you, them
  3. Demonstrative Pronoun→ this, that, these, those
  4. Possessive Pronoun → mine, yours, his, hers, ours. yours, theirs
  5. Reflexive Pronouns → myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
  6. Reciprocal Pronoun →each other, one another
  7. Indefinite pronoun → another, much, many, some, somebody, nobody, such, …
  8. Interrogative Pronoun →who, which, what, …
  9. Pronoun Case

 Gerund

    Gerund adalah kata benda yang berasal dari kata kerja ditambah –ing, misalnya swimming, eating, fishing, shopping, dancing, dan singing. Bila diperhatikan, gerund mempunyai bentuk yang sama dengan present participle, bedanya gerund berfungsi sebagai kata benda, sedangkan present participle sebagai kata sifat yang menerangkan kata benda.

Dalam kalimat, gerund berfungsi sebagai:
a. subjek (subject)
b. pelengkap subjek (subjective complement)
c. objek langsung (direct object)
d. objek preposisi (object of preposition)
e. aposisi (appositive)

Fungsi dari gerund akan dijelaskan sebagai berikut :

  1. Subject
       Gerund sebagai subjek pokok kalimat, contoh:
        – Swimming is good service.
       – Your singing is very beautiful.

       – Studying needs time and patience.
       – Playing tennis is fun.
       – Reading English is easier than speaking it.

     2. Subjective Complement

           Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu didahului to be yang terletak di antara

           subject dan subjective complement, contoh :

          – My favorite sport is running.

          – My favorite activity is reading.

      3. Direct Object

            Gerund sebagai objek langsung dalam kalimat, contoh:

             – I enjoy dancing. 

             – She likes dancing. 

            – Thank you for your coming

           .– I hate arguing

    4. Object of Preposition

          Gerund sebagai objek preposisi yang terletak setelah preposisi. Preposisi yang sering dipakai adalah of, on,

         no, with, without, at for, after, before, because of, to, like, about, for, by, in

       Contoh:

       – He is tired of gambling.

       – I am fond of eating bakso.

       – He insisted on seeing her.

       – I have no objection to hearing your story

       – You will not be clever without studying.

       – They are good at telling funny stories.

       – In sleeping I met you in the park.

 5. Appositive

      Gerund sebagai aposisi atau penegas dalam kalimat, contoh

      :– My hobby, fishing, is interesting. 

      – I do not like quarrelling, a useless job.

      My hobby is fishing dan fishing is interesting diletakkan bersebelahan dalam sebuah kalimat sebagai appositive (fishing adalah aposisi dari my hobby), begitu juga contoh kalimat dibawahnya.

 

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