Vyetha’s Blog

kalimat active and passive voice

Posted on: April 9, 2012

Kalimat Active Voice dan Passive Voice

Kalimat aktif merupakan kalimat yang subjek kalimatnya adalah pelaku sebuah tindakan,

Aktif : S + Verb (Kata Kerja) + Objek + dll

Contoh-contoh kalimat aktif

1))   The Indonesian football team was beaten by the Saudi Arabian team.

        (Team sepakbola Indo  nesia dikalahkan oleh team arab Saudi).

2))   Koko’s nose is bleeding. He was punched by his friend right on his nose.

       (Hidung Koko sedang berdarah. Dia dipukul oleh temannya tepat di hidungnya).

3))   These plants were watered by my sister a few minutes ago.

        (Tanaman-tanaman ini disirami oleh adikku beberapa menit yang lalu).

4))   English is studied by all high school students.

       (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh semua murid sekolah menengah lanjutan (SMP dan  

         SMA).

5))   There is no meal left. All has been devoured by Yeyes.

       (Tidak ada makan yang tersisa. Semuanya telah dilahap habis oleh Yeyes).

6))   He meets them everyday (Ia bertemu mereka sehari-hari)

7))    she  waters this plant every two days. (Dia perairan tanaman ini setiap dua hari)

8))     The farmers are going to harvest the crops next week.

        (Para petani yang akan memanen tanaman minggu depan)

9))   He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.

         (Dia akan bertemu dengan mereka sebelum saya sampai besok)

10))  He will meet them tomorrow. (Dia akan menemui mereka besok)

Kalimat passive voice

   kalimat pasif adalah kalimat yang subjeknya bukan pelaku suatu tindakan. Si subjek adalah si penerima akibat dari sebuah tindakan

Rumus umum untuk membentuk suatu kalimat Pasif

Pasif : Objek + to be + Verb 3 (Kata Kerja Bentuk III) ( + by subjek) + dll

Beberapa Bentuk Kalimat Passive

1) Passive Imperative Sentence

Rumus:

Let + objek + be + Kata Kerja Bentuk III

  • Help the poor (active)
  • Let the poor be helped (passive)

2) Passive Infinitive: It is/was time

Rumus:

It is/was time for + objek + to be + kata kerja III

  • It is time to send the letter (active)
  • It is time for the letter to be sent (passive)

3) Negative Passive Imperative Sentence

Rumus:

Subjek + be + Kata kerja III + not to + infinitive

(kata kerja III yang sering digunakan adalah: advised, asked, begged, commanded, requested)

  • Don’t wait for me (active)
  • You are advised not to wait for me (passive)

4) Passive Sentence with Verbs of Perception

Rumus:

Subjek + be + adjectives + when + subjek + be + kata kerja III

(kata kerja yang digunakan adalah: taste, smell, feel)

  • This food tastes delicious (active)
  • This food is delicious when it is tasted (passive)

5) Passive Sentence with Certain Verbs followed by “that-clause”

Kata kerja yang digunakan adalah: accept, admit, agree, assume, believe, decide, expect, find out, intend, plan, point out, presume, prove, regret, report, say, think, understand.

  • We regretted that the principal had to resign from office (active)
  • It was regretted that the principal had to resign from office (passive)

6) Passive Sentence with Nouns or Adjectives as Complements

  • I consider her very pretty (active)
  • She is considered very pretty (passive)

7) Passive Sentence with two objects

  • He gave me a book (active)
  • A book was given to me by him (passive 1)
  • I was given a book by him (passive 2)

8) Passive Sentence with Gerund Verbs

  • The teacher enjoyed teaching the students (active)
  • The students enjoyed being taught by the teacher (passive)

9) Agent consisting long expression at the end of sentence

Dalam kalimat pasif, jika pelaku terdiri dari ekspresi yang panjang, sebaiknya subjek tersebut ditempatkan di akhir kalimat setelah by.

  • We were all surprised by her sudden announcement to get married
  • I was confused by his plan to stop the ongoing project and begin a new one.

10) Passive Sentence with unique verbs

Kata kerja yang digunakan adalah: require, deserve, need

  • This wall needs to be painted (sama dengan)
  • This wall needs painting.
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